Frolov, A.V. 2001. New synonymies in the Palearctic species of Aphodius Illiger (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). Zoosystematica Rossica, 9(2): 390.

New synonymies in the Palearctic species of Aphodius Illiger (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae)

A.V. Frolov

Laboratory of Entomology, Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Academicheskaya Str. 27, 220072 Minsk, Belarus

Eight new synonymies in the genus Aphodius are proposed.

Recently I had an opportunity to examine the types of some Aphodius Illiger species, described by V. Balthasar and deposited in National Museum (Natural History) in Praha. The comparison of these specimens with extensive material from the collection of Zoological Institute (St. Petersburg) and provided by colleagues as well as examination of aedeagi yielded new synonymy.

A. (Chilothorax) melanostictus W. Schmidt, 1840 = A. melanostictoides Balthasar, 1961, syn. n.; = A. elbursicola Balthasar, 1961, syn. n.

Type material examined. A. melanostictoides: holotype ♂ and paratype ♀ labeled "J. Klapperich, Kandahar — Kuna, 1200 m., 1.3.[19]53, S — Afghanistan". A. elbursicola:holotype ♂ labelled "Persia sept. Elburs mts. c. s. Tacht: Suleiman, Sardab-Tal".

A. (Chilothorax) kandaharicus Balthasar, 1961 = A. ulcerosus Balthasar, 1961, syn. n.

Type material examined. A. kandaharicus:holotype ♂ labelled "J. Klapperich, Kandahar — Kuna, 950 m., 21.2.[19]53, S — Afghanistan"; paratype ♀ labelled "J. Klapperich, Umgb. v. Kabul, 1740 m., 20.3.[19]53".  A. ulcerosus: holotype ♀ labelled "J. Klapperich, Kandahar — Kuna, 950 m., 21.2.[19]53, S — Afghanistan"; paratypes, two ♂♂ and ♀, with the same data, but collected 18.I.1953, 28.I.1953, and 21.II.1953.
Both the names were published in one publication and belong to one species. I propose A. kandaharicus as valid name for the species for it was based on the male type specimen.

A. (Chilothorax) distinctus (Muller, 1776) = A. libyanus Balthasar, 1961, syn. n.

Type material examined. A. libyanus: holotype ♂ labelled "Lybien", "A. (Volinus)  libyanus n. sp. Balth. ♂ Holotypus [19]59"; paratype ♂ labelled "Lybien", "A. (Volinus)  libyanus n. sp. Balth. ♀ Allotypus [19]59".

A. (Nobius) inclusus Reitter, 1892 = A. kulikulanus Balthasar, 1970, syn. n.

Type material examined. A. kulikulanus: holotype ♀ labelled "Turkestan Lac. Kulikulan Glasunov [leg.] 1892", "A. (Mendidius) kulikulanus n. sp. Balth. [19]59 Holotypus".

A. (Melinopterus) punctatosulcatus Sturm,1805 = A. pseudoinclusus Balthasar, 1963, syn. n.

Type material examined. A. pseudoinclusus: holotype ♀ labelled "Slatoust Ural Herm. Frieb.", "A. (Nobius) pseudoinclusus n. sp. ♂ Balth. Holotypus [19]61".

A. (Aphodaulacus) turkestanicus Heyden, 1881= A. stomachosus Balthasar, 1970, syn. n.
Type material examined. A. stomachosus: holotype ♂ labelled "J. Klapperich Banda-e-Mir, 32

Type material examined. A. monticustos: 2 syntypes ♂♂ labelled "Nord Caucas Elborus 10000' E. Koenig [leg.]", "A. (Amidorus) montiscustos Dr. V. Balthasar det.", and "TYPUS".

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Dr. Josef Jelinek (Praha) for the opportunity to examine V.Balthasar's types and to Dr. Oleg Kabakov (St.Petersburg) for loan of material from Afghanistan.