Africa

New data on the rare Afrotropical scarab beetles Orphnus drumonti and Delopleurus naviauxi

 

Frolov, A. V. & Akhmetova, L. A. 2015. New data on the rare Afrotropical scarab beetles Orphnus drumonti Frolov and Delopleurus naviauxi Frolov et Cambefort (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Orphninae and Scarabaeinae). Biodiversity Data Journal, 3: e5444.

The scarab beetle genera Orphnus Macleay and Delopleurus Boheman are most speciose in the Afrotropical region. However, a number of species are only known from type specimens, sometimes only from one sex. New locality records of Orphnus drumonti Frolov (Orphninae) and Delopleurus naviauxi Frolov et Cambefort (Scarabaeinae) are given. The previously unknown female of the former and male of the latter species are described.

New and little known species of Orphnus from the East African Rift

FIGURES 1, 2. Orphnus, habitus of male. Fig. 1—O. planicollis. Fig. 2—O. demeyeri, holotypeFrolov, A.V. 2013. New and little known species of the genus Orphnus MacLeay (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Orphninae) from the East African Rift. Zootaxa, 3710(3): 297-300.

The East African Rift, especially Eastern Arc Mountains, are renown for exceptionally high biodiversity and endemism (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Burgess et al. 2007). About 20 species of the scarab beetle genus Orphnus MacLeay, 1819 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Orphninae) were described or recorded from this region (Paulian 1948, Petrovitz 1971) but many of them are still known only from the type series. Orphnus planicollis Petrovitz, 1971, was described from a single male specimen from “Nyassa-Land” with no additional data about this species published until now. Examination of the Orphninae material housed in European museums revealed additional specimens from southern Eastern Arc Mountains...

Revision of Coptorhina

Figures 1-8. Coptorhina spp. 1 – lateral view of body; 2-6 – head and pronotum in dorsal view; 7, 8 – pronotum in dorsal view. 1, 2 - C. auspicata; 3 - C. nitidipennis; 4 - C. excavata sp. n; 5 - C. nitefacta; 6 - C. klugii; 7 - C. angolensis;8 - C. davidi. Figures are not to scale.

Frolov, A.V., Akhmetova, L.A. & Scholtz, C.H. 2008. Revision of the obligate mushroom-feeding African “dung beetle”genus Coptorhina Hope (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae). Journal of Natural History, 42, 1477-1508.

The African genus Coptorhina Hope is revised. Nine new synonymies are established which reduces the number of valid names from 15 to six. One new species is also described. The name changes are the following: C. subaenea Janssens, C. bicolor Ancey, C. pygmaea Balthasar, and C. saganicola Müller are considered junior synonyms of C. nitidipennis Boheman; C. africana Hope, C. vicina Péringuey, C. obtusicornis Boheman, C. punctata Ferreira and C. optata Péringuey are considered junior synonyms of C. klugii Hope. The new species, C. excavata sp. n., is described from southern Africa. A key to the species and notes on biology are given.