Larval morphology of Aphodius sus and A. variicolor

Aphodius sus

Frolov, A.V. 2009. Larval morphology of Aphodius sus (Herbst) and A. variicolor Koshantschikov (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae). Zootaxa, 2169, 45–54.

Morphological descriptions and illustrations are presented for third-instar larvae of two species of the scarab beetle genus Aphodius Illiger: Aphodius (Heptaulacus) sus (Herbst) and A. (Chilothorax) variicolor Koshantschikov. These descriptions are based on material collected in European Russia. Larvae were collected from the soil with no association to dung although the adults of the same species normally occur in horse dung. Characters of the larvae are compared with those of described larvae of other species.

A new scarab species, Aphodius gissaricus, from Pamir-Alay Mountains in Tajikistan

Figs. 1–8. Aphodius. A. gissaricus, holotype, male (1, 7); paratype, male (2, 3, 5); A. scuticollis male (4, 6, 8). Figs. 1, 3, 4 — body in dorsal view; 2 — body in ventral view; 5, 6, — aedeagus in dorsal and lateral view; 7, 8 — apices of metatibiae.

Akhmetova, L.A., Frolov, A.V. 2012. A new scarab species, Aphodius gissaricus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae), from the Pamir-Alay Mountains in Tajikistan. Zootaxa, 3159, 65-68.

Aphodius gissaricus sp. n. is is described from two high and middle altitude localities in Pamir-Alay Mountains. It is similar to Aphodius (Melinopterus) scuticollis Semenov and both species have characters that could place them either in the subgenus Chilothorax Motschulsky or Melinopterus Mulsant. The elytral pattern of the new species varies from that typical of Melinopterus species (single elongated dark macula occupying most of each elytron) to that typical of some Chilothorax species (species-group A. grafi with two more-or-less distinct longitudinal or oblique stripes mainly on elytral intervals 3–4 and 6–7).