Description of the 3-instar larva of Aphodius bimaculatus

Aphodius bimaculatus, 3-instar larva, head

Frolov, A.V., Akhmetova, L.A. 2006. Description of the Third-instar Larva of Aphodius bimaculatus (Laxmann) (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). Entomological Review, 86, 433-437. PDF (87.71 KB)

Abstract. Third-instar larva of Aphodius bimaculatus (Laxmann) is described from the material collected in Belarus and compared with other known larvae of the subgenus Aphodius. The larva differs from other species in having convex clypeus with complex sculpture and in colour of the head.

Larval morphology of Aphodius sus and A. variicolor

Aphodius sus

Frolov, A.V. 2009. Larval morphology of Aphodius sus (Herbst) and A. variicolor Koshantschikov (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae). Zootaxa, 2169, 45–54.

Morphological descriptions and illustrations are presented for third-instar larvae of two species of the scarab beetle genus Aphodius Illiger: Aphodius (Heptaulacus) sus (Herbst) and A. (Chilothorax) variicolor Koshantschikov. These descriptions are based on material collected in European Russia. Larvae were collected from the soil with no association to dung although the adults of the same species normally occur in horse dung. Characters of the larvae are compared with those of described larvae of other species.