Pseudorphnus

Revision of the South American genus Paraegidium (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Orphninae)

 

Frolov A. V., Akhmetova L. A., Vaz-de-Mello F. Z. 2017. Revision of the South American genus Paraegidium (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Orphninae). Journal of Natural History, 51, 995–1014.

The Neotropical Orphninae genus Paraegidium Vulcano et al. is revised. Five new species are described: Paraegidium monneorum sp. nov., Paraegidium barretoi sp. nov., Paraegidium pokornyi sp. nov., Paraegidium howdeni sp. nov., and Paraegidium oliveirai sp. nov. The genus is subendemic to Brazil, and its species are distributed from Guiana Shield in the north to the Peruvian Yungas in the west and to Serra do Mar escarpments in the southeast. Keys, descriptions, illustrations of habitus and male genitalia, and distributional record map are given.

Review of the Madagascan Orphninae with revision of the genus Triodontus Westwood

 

Frolov A. V., Montreuil O., Akhmetova L. A. 2016. Review of the Madagascan Orphninae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) with revision of the genus Triodontus Westwood. Auckland: Magnolia Press. 2016, 93 p.

The subfamily Orphninae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is reviewed from Madagascar. A total of four genera and 39 species were found, all being endemic to the island. The following five new species are described: Triodontus ankarafantsikae, Triodontus lemoulti, Triodontus viettei, Triodontus fairmairei, and Triodontus inexpectatus. Lectotypes are designated for Orphnus nitidulus Guérin-Méneville, 1844 and Orphnidius modestus Benderitter, 1914. The following new synonymies are proposed: Orphnus nigrita Brancsik, 1893 is synonym of Triodontus hova (Fairmaire, 1868); Triodontus occidentalis Paulian, 1977 and Orphnus obsoletus Brancsik, 1893 are synonyms of Triodontus nitidulus (Guérin-Méneville, 1844); Triodontus vadoni Paulian, 1977 and Triodontus perrotorum Paulian, 1977 are synonyms of Triodontus owas Westwood, 1852.Keys, descriptions, illustrations of habitus and male genitalia, and distributional records maps are given for all species.

Description of the male of the rare Madagascan species Pseudorphnus hiboni

Frolov, A.V., Montreuil, O. 2006. Description of the male of the rare Madagascan species Pseudorphnus hiboni with notes on the genus Pseudorphnus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Orphninae). Zootaxa, 1154: 27-33. 

Abstract — A male of Pseudorphnus hiboni Paulian is described from material recently collected in Ranomafana National Park (eastern Madagascar). The species is compared with the two other known species of the genus. Notes on biology and distribution are given.

A new species of the Madagascan genus Pseudorphnus

Figures 1–8. Pseudorphnus, habitus, head, pronotum. P. carinatus (1, 2, 5, 6), P. olsoufieffi (3, 4, 7, 8). Scale = 1 mm. Arrow in Fig. 6 indicates transverse ridge and arrow in Fig. 8 indicates conical tubercle.Frolov, A.V. 2011. A new species of the Madagascan genus Pseudorphnus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Orphninae). Zootaxa, 2012. 2836: 65-68.

Pseudorphnus carinatus new species is described from northern Madagascar (Antsiranana Province). Males of the new species differ from other species of the genus in having a long (about 8/10 the width of clypeus) transverse ridge near anterior margin of the clypeus.

Genus Pseudorphnus (Scarabaeidae, Orphninae)

Orphninae, Pseudorphnus hiboni

Body small to mid-sized (length 6.5 mm to 13 mm), brown to dark-brown. Mandibles subsymmetrical. Clypeus with rounded anterior margin, with tubercle or longitudinal ridge in males; females have clypeus without tubercles or ridges. Pronotum with deep excavation in the middle and with two horns or ridges bordering excavation near anterior margin in males; females with pronotum convex or slightly impressed anteromedially. Propleurae smoothly convex, without carinae separating anterolateral areas from basal area. Scutellum triangular, narrowly rounded apically, about 1/10 length of elytra. Elytra convex, with feebly marked humeral umbones. Sculpture of elytron varies. Wings fully developed. Metepisternon triangular, tapering caudally, with slightly widened anterodorsal angle slightly overlapping epypleuron. Anterior tibiae with 2 strong outer teeth and a small one located basally. Phallobase strongly sclerotized dorsally and with a thin membrane ventrally. Parameres relatively long, apices tapering or curved downwards, without setae. Internal sac of aedeagus with species specific armature.

A new genus of Orphninae from Madagascar

Figs 1-5. Renorphnus clementi. 1, 2 – general view (1 – male, 2 – female); 3 – parameres in dorsal view; 4 – aedeagus in lateral view; 5 – internal sac of aedeagus.

Frolov, A.V., Montreuil, O. 2009. A new genus of Orphninae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) from Madagascar. Zoosystematica Rossica, 18, 65-69. PDF (2.69 MB)

Abstract — A new genus, Renorphnus gen. n, is established for Madagascar species Orphnus clementi Petrovitz. The new genus differs in distinctive shape of anterior tibiae of male, shape of clypeus, pronotum with 2 more or less prominent tubercles in both sexes, and in widened and pectinate setae on costal margin of wings. O. clementi is redescribed. Diagnostic key to Madagascar Orphninae genera is given.