southern Africa

New scarab-beetle species from Central Asia and Southern Africa

Figs. 1-13. Aphodius spp. and Orphnus spp.: (1, 6, 11) A. moronensis, sp. n., (2, 7, 9) A. kozlovi, sp. n., (8, 10) A. falcispinis W. Kosh., (3, 4, 13) O. transvaalensis, sp. n., (5, 12) O. harrisoni FrolovFrolov, A.V. 2009. New scarab-beetle species (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae, Orphninae) from Central Asia and Southern Africa. Entomological Review, 89(6): 685-688.

Abstract—Three new scarab-beetle species are described. Aphodius moronensis sp. n. (northern Mongolia) and A. kozlovi sp. n (eastern Tibet) with modified spurs on fore tibiae in males are placed in the falcispinis group of the subgenus Agolius but are similar to the grafi group of the subgenus Chilothorax in the shape of parameres and elytral pattern. The new species differ from A. falcispinis in the shape of the spur; A. moronensis sp. n. also differs in the shape of the body and parameres. Orphnus transvaalensis sp. n. is the second apterous Orphnus species found in Southern Africa. It differs from the closely related O. harrisoni in the shape of parameres, position of the hornlike clypeal process, and in a smaller body size.

Genus Macroderes Westwood, 1842

Macroderes bias

Macroderes Westwood, 1842 is a small genus (15 species) of the scarabaeine dung beetles endemic to southern Africa. Species of Macroderes are of medium size and can be recognized by their convex, bulky body and absence of wings. Colour monotonous black; recently emerged specimens reddish-brown. Males have tibiae with acute process next to apical spur, similar to that of representatives of genera Xinidium Harold and Metacatharsius Paulian.

Revision of the Afrotropical dung beetle genus Sarophorus

Frolov, A.V., Scholtz, C.H. 2003. Revision of the Afrotropical dung beetle genus Sarophorus Erichson (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). African Entomology, 11, 183-198. PDF (9.66 MB)

The genus Sarophorus Erichson is revised. Six new species, S. bidentatus sp. n., S. punctatus sp. n., S. carinatus sp. n., S. striatus sp. n., S. latus sp. n., and S. nitidus sp. n., are described. A key to the species is given. Two species-groups are established.