Members of two scarabaeine genera endemic to Africa: Coptorhina klugii (left) and Macroderes arrowi.
Scarabaeines (Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae) is a large, worldwide distributed group of beetles. In warmer regions, scarabaeines are especially diverse and prominent and they dominate dung beetle communities. Scarabaeines are sometimes loosely called “true” or “proper” dung beetles, although many taxa never go near dung. Some such taxa are attracted to carrion or fungi. Among the latter, there are genera feeding on mushrooms or millipedes. African dung beetle fauna is the largest and most diverse in the world (over 100 genera and over 2000 species) yet it includes a large number of such “aberrant” taxa, notably the genera of the Sarophorus group.
This section includes taxa pages for a few groups studied by the authors.