Review of scarab beetle tribe aphodiini of the fauna of Russia

Рис. 1. Карта распределения относительного видового разнообразия Aphodiini фауны России.Akhmetova, L.A., Frolov, A.V. 2014. A review of the scarab beetle tribe Aphodiini (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) of the fauna of Russia. Entomological Review, 94, 846-879. 

An annotated list of 183 species of the dung-beetle tribe Aphodiini of the Russian fauna is given. The highest species diversity is characteristic of the southern mountainous regions of the country, the richest local faunas being known from the Lower Volga area. The greatest numbers of species are known from the steppe and broadleaved forest zones and from the nemoral types of altitudinal zonation of vegetation. The bulk of the fauna is formed by the species with wide ranges; 111 species occur in two or more landscape zones or altitudinal zonation types. Six groups of faunistically similar zoogeographic provinces are distinguished within the territory of Russia.

On the synonymy of two species names of the genus Aphodius described by Iablokoff-Khnzorian

Frolov, A.V., Akhmetova, L.A. 2008. On the synonymy of two species names of the genus Aphodius Ill. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) described by S. M. Iablokoff-Khnzorian. Entomological Review, 87(3): 624–626.

Based on examination of the type material, names of two Aphodius species are placed in synonyms: A. edgardi Solsky, 1876 = A. sartus Iablokoff-Khnzorian, 1971, syn. n.; and A. putridus Geoffroy, 1785 = A. avetissiani Iablokoff-Khnzorian, 1964, syn. n.

On the Synonymy of Two Names of Species of the Genus Aphodius Described from Siberia

Frolov, A.V., Akhmetova, L.A. 2008. On the synonymy of two names of species of the genus Aphodius Ill. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) described from Siberia. Entomological Review, 88(8): 916-917.

Based on examination of the type material, the following new synonymy is established: A. granarius (L., 1767) = A. tomskianus Balthasar, 1973, syn. n.A. granarius (L., 1767) = A. pecirkai Balthasar, 1932, syn. n. .

New scarab-beetle species from Central Asia and Southern Africa

Figs. 1-13. Aphodius spp. and Orphnus spp.: (1, 6, 11) A. moronensis, sp. n., (2, 7, 9) A. kozlovi, sp. n., (8, 10) A. falcispinis W. Kosh., (3, 4, 13) O. transvaalensis, sp. n., (5, 12) O. harrisoni FrolovFrolov, A.V. 2009. New scarab-beetle species (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae, Orphninae) from Central Asia and Southern Africa. Entomological Review, 89(6): 685-688.

Abstract—Three new scarab-beetle species are described. Aphodius moronensis sp. n. (northern Mongolia) and A. kozlovi sp. n (eastern Tibet) with modified spurs on fore tibiae in males are placed in the falcispinis group of the subgenus Agolius but are similar to the grafi group of the subgenus Chilothorax in the shape of parameres and elytral pattern. The new species differ from A. falcispinis in the shape of the spur; A. moronensis sp. n. also differs in the shape of the body and parameres. Orphnus transvaalensis sp. n. is the second apterous Orphnus species found in Southern Africa. It differs from the closely related O. harrisoni in the shape of parameres, position of the hornlike clypeal process, and in a smaller body size.

Contribution to study of Lower Volga center of scarab beetle diversity in Russia

Figure 1. Fixed sands near Dosang, Astrakhan Province, Russia.Frolov, A. V. & Akhmetova, L. A. 2013. A contribution to the study of the Lower Volga center of scarab beetle diversity in Russia: checklist of the tribe Aphodiini (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) of Dosang environs. Biodiversity Data Journal, 1: e979.

The field sampling of the Aphodiini scarab beetles in Dosang environs (Astrakhan Province, European Russia) in 2006–2012 resulted in the collection of 44 species. All but one of them belong to Aphodius Hellwig ( sensu lato). This is apparently the richest recorded local Aphodiini fauna in Russia. The high Aphodiini diversity in the area can be explained by the long vegetative season with high effective heat sum, large livestock providing abundant food resources throughout the year, and location in the transition belt between Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain and Desert floristic districts. The core fauna consists of mesophilous species widely distributed in the Palearctic region and confined to the intrazonal habitats. Other species have ranges mostly limited to the steppe, semidesert, and desert zones.