biogeography

Review of scarab beetle tribe aphodiini of the fauna of Russia

Рис. 1. Карта распределения относительного видового разнообразия Aphodiini фауны России.Akhmetova, L.A., Frolov, A.V. 2014. A review of the scarab beetle tribe Aphodiini (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) of the fauna of Russia. Entomological Review, 94, 846-879. 

An annotated list of 183 species of the dung-beetle tribe Aphodiini of the Russian fauna is given. The highest species diversity is characteristic of the southern mountainous regions of the country, the richest local faunas being known from the Lower Volga area. The greatest numbers of species are known from the steppe and broadleaved forest zones and from the nemoral types of altitudinal zonation of vegetation. The bulk of the fauna is formed by the species with wide ranges; 111 species occur in two or more landscape zones or altitudinal zonation types. Six groups of faunistically similar zoogeographic provinces are distinguished within the territory of Russia.

Diagnosis, classification, and phylogenetic relationships of the orphnine scarab beetles

Fig. 1. Orphnus spp. and Allidiostoma spp.

Frolov, A.V. 2012. Diagnosis, classification, and phylogenetic relationships of the orphnine scarab beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae: Orphninae). Entomological Review, 92, 782-797. PDF (1.07 MB)

Abstract — Orphnine scarab beetles (Orphninae) are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of southern continents except for Australia. Catalogue of nominal taxa of orphnines includes 2 tribes, 15 genera, and 193 species. Diagnosis of the group, based on adult morphological characters, is as follows: antennae 10-segmented with 3-segmented club; mandibles with 2-4 scissorial teeth and well developed mola; labrum and mandibles protruding past clypeus and can be seen from above; scutellum well developed in winged species, reduced but distinct in wingless species; wings with distinct anal area; apices of anterior tibia in males without spur but normally with a few robust setae; anterior coxa with longitudinal hollow on anterior surface; tarsi with 2 similar claws; middle and hind tibiae with 2 apical spurs; 2 abdominal sternite with sub-triangular to rounded plectrum; dorsal surface of hind coxae with oval flat stridulatory file; pygidium partly hidden under elytra; parameres symmetrical; ...